Dario Fo biography


Dario Fo, recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize for Literature, was born Leggiuno Sangiano in San Giano, Italy. His father, Felice, was a railroad worker and part-time actor, and his mother, Pina Rota, came from a peasant family. As a young man he helped his father smuggle escaped Allied soldiers and Jewish scientists to Switzerland during World War II. Fo was educated at the Brera Art Academy and studied architecture at the Polytechnic. In 1953 he married actress Franca Rame. Together they founded several theatre companies, and she collaborated on many of his plays. As members of the Communist Party they were refused admittance into the United States twice. In 1973, Rame was kidnapped, tortured, and raped by a group of fascists to punish them for their political activism.

 

Fo's genre is drama, and he is known for his satirical plays. He first gained the notice of critics with IL DITO NELL'OCCHIO. One of his most famous works is MORTE ACCIDENTALE DI UN ANARCHICO (ACCIDENTAL DEATH OF AN ANARCHIST). Another of his works, GLIE ARCANGELI NON GIOCANO A FLIPPER (ARCHANGELS DON'T PLAY PINBALL), became the greatest box-office hit in Italian theatre. Fo has written over 70 plays, and his works have been translated into more than 30 languages.

 


CHRONOLOGY


1926 He was born in San Giano, Italy. (March 26)


1940 He moved to Milan to study at the Brera Art Academy.


1951 He met Franca Rame.


1953 IL DITO NELL'OCCHIO; He married Franca Rame.


1955 He moved with his wife to Rome.; His son, Jacopo, was born.


1956 SANI DA LAGARE


1957 He formed his first theatre company.


1959 GLI ARCHANGELI GIOCANO A FLIPPER (ARCHANGELS DON'T PLAY PINBALL); He and his wife, Franca Rame, founded the Compagnia Dario Fo-Franca Rame.


1960 AVEVA DUE PISTOLE CON GLI OCCHI BIANCI E NERI (HE HAD TWO PISTOLS WITH WHITE AND BLACK EYES)


1962 He wrote and directed the television show "Canzonisima."


1964 SETTIMO: RUBA UN PO'MENO


1965 LA COLPA E SEMPRE DEL DIAVOLO


1967 LA SIGNORA E DA BUTARE


1968 GRANDE PAMTOMINA CON BANDIERI E PUPAZZI PICCOLO E MEDI; He and his wife founded the acting group Nuova Scena.


1969 MISTERI BUFFO (COMIC MYSTERY)


1970 MORTE ACCIDENTALE DI UN ANARCHICO (ACCIDENTAL DEATH OF AN ANARCHIST); He and his wife started the theatre group Colletivo Teatrale La Comune.


1971 MORTE E RESURREZIONE DI UN PUPAZZO, FEDAYAN, TUTTI UNITI! TUTTI INSIEME!


1972 PUM PUM, CHI E? LA POLIZIA! (KNOCK, KNOCK - WHO'S THERE? THE POLICE)


1973 GUERRA DI POPOLO IN CILE; His wife was kidnapped, tortured and raped by a group of fascists.


1974 NO SI PAGA? NO SI PAGA! (WE CAN'T PAY? WE WON'T PAY!), BALLATE E CANZONI


1975 IL FANFANI RAPITO


1976 LA MARIJUANA DELA MAMMA E LA PIU BELLA


1977 TUTTI CASA LETTO E CHIESA (ALL HOUSE, BED, AND CHURCH)


1978 TUTTA CASA, LETTO E CHIESA


1980 He founded the Libera Universita di Alcatraz with his wife and son.


1983 COPPIO APERTA (THE OPEN COUPLE)


1985 L'UOMO NUDO E L'UOMO IN FRAK (ONE WAS NUDE AND ONE WORE TAILS)


1986 IL RATTO DELL FRANCESCA


1987 MANUALE MINIMO DELL'ATTORE (THE TRICKS OF THE TRADE)


1989 A WOMAN ALONE AND OTHER PLAYS


1990 ZITTI! STIAMO PRECIPITANDO


1995 He was struck by cerebral ischaemia.


1997 IL DIAVOLO CON LE ZINNE, DARIO FO PLAYS: 1, DARIO FO PLAYS: 2; He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.


1998 ABDUCTING DIANA